1901 and 1911 Census Records

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1901 and 1911 Census Records

Post by Christopher »

The National Archives of Ireland have announced that the 1911 Census records for Antrim, Down, Dublin and Kerry will be available online on 23rd December 2008. The records for 1911 are being digitized first, then those for 1901. The 1911 Census records for Antrim, Down, Dublin and Kerry will be available online on 23 December 2008. Publication of the Census records for other counties will follow between 23rd December and mid-2009.

http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/a ... plans.html

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What the 1901 and 1911 Census Records contain

Post by admi »

The 1901 and 1911 Census Records.

The returns for 1901 and 1911 are arranged by townland (the smallest division of land) or, in urban areas, by street. The 1901 census lists, for every member of each household; name, age, sex, relationship to head of the household, religion, occupation, marital status and county or country of birth. The census also records an individualÔÇÖs ability to read or write and ability to speak the Irish language. All of this information is given on Form A of the census, which was filled in and signed by the head of each household. Where the head of the household could not write, his or her mark, usually an X, was recorded and witnessed by the enumerator.

The same information was recorded in the 1911 census, with one significant addition: married women were required to state the number of years they had been married, the number of their children born alive and the number still living.

In addition to returns for every household in the country, both censuses contain returns for police and military barracks, public and private asylums, prisons, hospitals, workhouses, colleges, boarding schools and industrial schools among other institutions.

The returns for both censuses also give details of houses, recording the number of windows, type of roof and number of rooms occupied by each family. Each house is also classified according to its overall condition. The number of out-offices and farm buildings attached to each household is also given. This information is recorded by the enumerator, who provided summaries of the returns for each townland and street, including the religious denomination of occupants. These summaries include a list of heads of household, thus providing a nominal index for each townland or street.

The 1901 and 1911 censuses are an excellent source both for the history student and the genealogical researcher. They are obviously a principal source for Irish social and economic history in the early twentieth century. They also provide enormous scope for local study, and can be used with trade and street directories to provide detailed information on the composition and development of urban areas in particular.

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